Have you ever considered purchasing a foreclosed property? As you would expect, knowing what you’re searching for and how to shop for a foreclosed house is essential. In this article, we’ll look at what it means when a house goes into foreclosure and go through the advantages, disadvantages, and steps involved in purchasing a foreclosure.
What is Foreclosure?
A foreclosure occurs when a residence is taken by the lender. When you see a home classified as foreclosed, it implies the lender owns it.
When borrowers fail to make regular mortgage payments, lenders may initiate the legal process of foreclosure. They often conduct a sequence of escalating procedures, including loan default notification and ownership transfer. A lender may then sell the residence to reclaim the unpaid mortgage debt.
Bank-owned properties are often auctioned off or placed for sale on a foreclosed home’s website, although they may also be advertised through a real estate agent.
How Does Foreclosure Work?
Foreclosure has several stages, which are important for a potential buyer to understand when considering buying a foreclosed home.
- Payment default and notice of default: After missing at least one payment, a homeowner’s whole mortgage can default after several months of missed payments. This usually starts the foreclosure procedure in the preforeclosure stage. After 90 days of missing payments, the lender will normally send a notice of default. Lenders may contact you before to this to learn more about your situation and see if they could offer assistance.
- Notice of trustee’s sale: The lender must notify the county of the upcoming sale and post notice in the local paper. This is one method of locating a foreclosure to buy, however, an online search is usually more productive.
- Trustee’s sale: The lender attempts to sell the property at a public auction.
- Real estate-owned: If the property does not sell at auction, the bank will take possession. They will then try to sell the house. This is the stage of foreclosure at which most persons intending to acquire a foreclosed house, especially those using a VA loan, will buy.
How To Buy A Foreclosed Home
If you plan to buy a foreclosed home at a real estate auction, be prepared for an advance payment requirement. If your bid is successful, you may need to complete the purchase using a certified check or cash. Follow these steps to learn how to purchase a foreclosed home:
Step 1: Understand The Options For Buying A Foreclosed Home
There are two main approaches to buying a foreclosure: at an auction or from a lender after the sale has failed.
Purchase Through Short Sale
A short sale happens when a homeowner sells their house for less than the amount owed on their mortgage due to a decrease in value. The foreclosure process has not been completed. Because the homeowner still owns the home, you have to work with their Realtor® or other real estate agent.
When you buy a short-sale home, the lender must approve your offer. Which may require you to wait a long time for approval.
Purchase At Auction
You’ll obtain a home faster at auction than negotiating with a bank or a seller. Homebuyers can potentially purchase a house at auction for substantially less than market value. However, most auctions only take cash payments, so you’ll need to have a substantial amount of money on hand for the purchase.
If the auction does allow for mortgage financing, make sure you have an initial approval available.
By bidding at an auction, you agree to acquire the house as is, with no assessment or inspection. When you buy a foreclosed home at auction, you are taking a major risk. If this is something you’re interested in, consult with a real estate attorney.
Purchase From A Lender
When you buy a property through a lender’s real estate-owned (REO) inventory, you avoid dealing with the homeowner entirely. Before you acquire a foreclosed property, the lender normally clears the title and evicts the present owner.
Most lenders will not sell a property to an individual; instead, you will need to work with a professional real estate agent to explore available homes. These houses are typically offered “as is.” However, you will usually be able to tour the home and schedule an inspection before closing.
Step 2: Hire A Real Estate Agent
Most lenders assign foreclosed homes to an REO agent, who collaborates with standard real estate agents in search of a buyer.
Not every real estate agent has worked with REO agents. A skilled foreclosure agent may assist you in searching for foreclosures, navigating your state’s REO purchasing procedure, negotiating your price, ordering an inspection, and making an offer.
Step 3: Find Foreclosures For Sale
Although your real estate agent will most likely be able to assist you in your search for foreclosures, you may want to carry out your own research as well. Finding foreclosures in Florida and other regions of the United States is a lot simpler now than it used to be. There are now several sites on the web where you may search.
Step 4: Get Preapproved For A Mortgage
Unless you buy a property at a foreclosure auction, you’ll most likely need a mortgage to finance your purchase. After you’ve chosen an agent and begun looking at properties, you should be preapproved for a loan. A mortgage preapproval is an initial approval that tells you how much money you can borrow for a house loan. Select a lender and apply to reduce your options.
Step 5: Get An Appraisal And Inspection
When purchasing a foreclosure, inspections and appraisals are both essential. An appraisal is a lender obligation that determines the value of a property. Lenders want evaluations before making house loans because they want to make sure they’re not lending you too much money. They also safeguard you by ensuring that you are not overpaying.
A home inspection is a more in-depth examination of a property. A professional will go around the house and document anything that needs to be replaced or fixed. Because foreclosures typically have greater damage than homes for sale by owner, you should insist on an inspection before purchasing a foreclosed home.
Step 6: Purchase Your New Home
Read your inspection and appraisal reports before deciding whether the home in question is truly suited for you and whether you’re willing to buy a home as is. If you have the funds or expertise to undertake any necessary changes, contact your mortgage lender to finish your loan. Your real estate agent will assist you in submitting your offer and preparing for the closing.
Benefits Of Buying A Foreclosed Home
Foreclosed properties almost always come with a lower price tag than other homes in the area or are marketed below market value, making this a prominent advantage. This is due to the lender’s desire to get the house off their books.
Standard loan configurations
When purchasing a foreclosure, you may have to follow a somewhat different bidding and purchasing process, but you still have a few lending choices as long as it is not a cash-only auction.
You can buy a house with a conventional loan or a government-backed VA loan, FHA loan, or USDA loan as long as it is in livable condition. Government-backed loans can increase accessibility to homeownership; however, if the property sustains damage, the government may mandate repairs.
Drawbacks Of Buying A Foreclosed Home
Increased maintenance concerns
Some homeowners have little motivation to keep their homes in good shape if they know they may lose their homes to foreclosure. If anything fails, the homeowner is unlikely to invest money to repair it, and the condition may worsen over time. When you acquire a foreclosed house, you are responsible for repairing any faults that may exist.
The lender’s primary priority is recouping their money as soon as possible, which almost often implies an as-is selling. If you don’t have a considerable amount of money to invest in repairs, you shouldn’t acquire a foreclosed home.
A house may be officially foreclosed, but it doesn’t imply no one lives there. Many foreclosed properties stay vacant for months or years at a time, attracting squatters. If you purchase a home with a squatter residing in it, you must legally evict them, even if the individual or people in issue have no title to the property. This process can take months and cost thousands of dollars in legal expenses.
Purchasing a foreclosed property might be a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for homebuyers hoping to pay a lower price or less than market value, or for complete home restoration projects. Keep in mind that many foreclosed properties may have substantial structural damage and are often sold “as is.”
If you want to take a chance on buying a foreclosed house, call an experienced real estate agent.
Because most lenders do not sell to private buyers, your real estate agent will assist you in navigating the foreclosure process.
Once you’ve found a home you like, obtain an appraisal and a property inspection. To receive money, you’ll also need to obtain initial mortgage approval. Once the results of your inspection are satisfactory, follow up with your lender and agent to finalize the deal.